From Prison to Detention: The Carceral Trajectories of Foreign-National Prisoners in the United Kingdom
Punishment & Society, 19 (2): 135-154 (First published online July 2016) DOI: 10.1177/1462474516660695
28 Pages Posted: 12 Oct 2017
Date Written: 2016
The United Kingdom (UK) has taken an increasingly punitive stance towards ‘foreign criminals’ using law and policy to pave the way for their expulsion from the country. Imprisonment, then, becomes the first stage in a complex process intertwining identity, belonging and punishment. We draw here on research data from two projects to understand the carceral trajectories of foreign-national offenders in the UK. We consider the lived experiences of male foreign-nationals in two sites: prison and immigration detention. The narratives presented show how imprisonment and detention coalesce within the deportation regime as a ‘double punishment’, one that is highly racialised and gendered. We argue that the UK’s increasingly punitive response to foreign-national offenders challenges the traditional purposes of punishment by sidestepping prisoners’ rehabilitative efforts and denying ‘second chances’ while enacting permanent exclusion through bans on re-entry.
Keywords: Prison, immigration detention, punishment, rehabilitation, reintegration, foreign-national prisoners, citizenship, United Kingdom
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