Health Effects of Instruction Intensity: Evidence from a Natural Experiment in German High-Schools

33 Pages Posted: 12 Oct 2017

See all articles by Johanna Quis

Johanna Quis

University of Bamberg

Simon Reif

Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg

Date Written: May 2017

Abstract

A large literature aims to establish a causal link between education and health using changes in compulsory schooling laws. It is however unclear how well more education is operationalized by marginal increases in school years. We shed a new light on this discussion by analyzing the health effects of a reform in Germany where total years of schooling for students in the academic track were reduced from nine to eight while keeping cumulative teaching hours constant by increasing instruction intensity. The sequential introduction of the reform allows us to implement a triple difference-in-differences estimation strategy with data from the German Socio-Economic Panel. We find that increased weekly instruction time has negative health effects for females while they are still in school. However, after graduation, females even seem to benefit from reduced school years. We find no effects on males’ health.

Keywords: education and health; instruction intensity; natural experiment; SOEP

JEL Classification: I19, I21, I28

Suggested Citation

Quis, Johanna and Reif, Simon, Health Effects of Instruction Intensity: Evidence from a Natural Experiment in German High-Schools (May 2017). SOEPpaper No. 916, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3051700 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3051700

Johanna Quis (Contact Author)

University of Bamberg ( email )

Kirschaeckerstrasse 39
Bamberg, 96045
Germany

Simon Reif

Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg ( email )

Lange Gasse 20
Lange Gasse 20,
Nürnberg, 90403
Germany

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