Factors Contributing to Cardiovascular Diseases among African Societies
International Journal of Interdisciplinary Innovative Research & Development (IJIIRD) ISSN: 2456-236X, Vol. 02 Issue 01, 2017, Academia Edu, Research gate
6 Pages Posted: 16 Oct 2017 Last revised: 6 Mar 2019
Date Written: October 14, 2017
Background: CVDs before were thought to be diseases of high economy populations, this simply meant that cardiovascular diseases were basically affecting industrialized countries in relation to decreased human activity, over-consumption of fat foods.
Problem statement: Worldwide, it is estimated that 16.6 million deaths are encountered as a result of non-communicable diseases in low and middle income countries which is far higher than 5.7 million of deaths due to infectious diseases. In this review paper five research articles were reviewed, discussing factors of CVD from different parts of Africa. According two different studies conducted in Ghana and Nigeria, aimed at “Cardiovascular diseases in Ghana within the context of globalization and Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors among School attending adolescents in Rural Nigeria indicated that age, high blood pressure (hypertension), smoking, high blood cholesterol, diabetes, overweight or obesity, lack of exercise and family history of heart disease were leading CVD factors in respective study population, in addition to researchers recommendations also African governments and researchers to establish appropriate approaches to prevent and treat CVD in such affordable and accessible manner and further more education can be used to already existing cases, since most cardiovascular conditions are influenced by lifestyle changes. Catherine Lawrence assessing women’s perception on modifiable risk factors of CVD in Kenya, women perceived CVD risk factors as independent health conditions as there’s no link with cardiovascular disease. The additional argument was that government should establish a clear strategy of disseminating information to the population, via media enough coverage can be ensured. According to Demetrius A. Abshire in the study cardiovascular disease risk factors among emerging adults in college” abdominal obesity and dietary behaviors, environmental and lifestyle behaviors (smoking) to be significant risk factors of CVD, call all policy makers to take part in this journey, scheduling exercises, dietary talks in the colleges would help to improve situation was suggested during the review. According to the study carried out by Gabriel Uche Pascal Iloh and his colleagues with the objective of determining the frequency of cardiovascular risk factors in adult Nigerians with family history of non-communicable cardiovascular disease, we urged by saying that screening for CVD risk factors in old ages, won’t help to prevent the rising burden of CVD, rather screening in early is essential and this can to exclude non modifiable factors.
Keywords: cardiovascular, disease, factors, non-communicable
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