The Phonotactic Adaptation of English Loanwords in Arabic

Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume.8 Number3 September 2017

15 Pages Posted: 1 Nov 2017

See all articles by Anwar A. H. Al-Athwary

Anwar A. H. Al-Athwary

Najran University - Department of English

Date Written: October 15, 2017

Abstract

The phonological modifications made to English loanwords in Modern Standard Arabic (MSA) have come as a response to cope with the phonetic and phonological constraints in MSA sound system. These adaptations of loanword pronunciation clearly reflect the areas and effects of phonetic and phonological interference between the two languages in contact. For this purpose, over than 300 of English words borrowed by MSA are analyzed. At the syllabic and prosodic level, mechanisms like cluster simplification, syllabic consonant conversion, gemination, etc. are found at work and by far systematic in MSA borrowings. Generally, it has been found that most of the regular adaptations at syllable level such as declusterization, syllabic consonant conversion, consonant lengthening and vocalic glide insertion, are motivated by linguistic constraints inherited in the phonological system of MSA rather than by extra-linguistic motivations.

Keywords: adaptation, consonants, English loanwords, MSA, phonotactics, vowels

Suggested Citation

Al-Athwary, Anwar A. H., The Phonotactic Adaptation of English Loanwords in Arabic (October 15, 2017). Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume.8 Number3 September 2017 , Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3053576 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3053576

Anwar A. H. Al-Athwary (Contact Author)

Najran University - Department of English ( email )

King Abdulaziz Rd
Najran
Saudi Arabia

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