Empirical Assessment of the Quality of Nationalities: The Quality of Nationality Index (QNI)
4 European Journal of Comparative Law and Governance, 2017, pp. 314–336
19 Pages Posted: 16 Oct 2017 Last revised: 7 Mar 2018
Date Written: October 15, 2017
Contemporary thinking about nationality is surrounded by three persistent mythologies. First, all nationalities are equal. Second, there is a direct correlation between the power and size of the economy of a country and the quality of its nationality. Third, there is a correlation between the geographical scope of the rights granted by a nationality and the territory of the conferring state. Looking beyond the subjective feelings one may have towards one’s nationality, the widely diverging quality of nationalities can in fact be measured. In the Quality of Nationality Index (QNI), which this article introduces and discusses, an attempt has been made to develop and deploy a reliable and straightforward methodology to measure objectively the value of having a particular nationality, which would not be perception-based. QNI is used to refute all the three mythologies above as unhelpful and misleading. Nationalities are far from equal, as least not under the assumption that the level of expected welfare, education, healthcare, life chances, and global travel and settlement opportunities matter.
Keywords: Citizenship law, nationality, empirical research, QNI, Quality of Nationality Index
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