School District Reform in Newark: Within- and Between-School Changes in Achievement Growth

52 Pages Posted: 16 Oct 2017

See all articles by Mark Chin

Mark Chin

Harvard University

Thomas J. Kane

University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - School of Public Policy & Social Research; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Whitney Kozakowski

Harvard University - Harvard Graduate School of Education

Beth Schueler

Harvard University

Douglas Staiger

Dartmouth College - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Date Written: October 2017

Abstract

In 2011-12, Newark launched a set of educational reforms supported by a gift from Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg and Priscilla Chan. Using data from 2009 through 2016, we evaluate the change in Newark students’ achievement growth relative to similar students and schools elsewhere in New Jersey. We measure achievement growth using a “value-added” model, controlling for prior achievement, demographics and peer characteristics. By the fifth year of reform, Newark saw statistically significant gains in English and no significant change in math achievement growth. Perhaps due to the disruptive nature of the reforms, growth declined initially before rebounding in recent years. Aided by the closure of low value-added schools, much of the improvement was due to shifting enrollment from lower- to higher-growth district and charter schools. Shifting enrollment accounted for 62 percent of the improvement in English. In math, such shifts offset what would have been a decline in achievement growth.

Suggested Citation

Chin, Mark and Kane, Thomas J. and Kozakowski, Whitney and Schueler, Beth and Staiger, Douglas, School District Reform in Newark: Within- and Between-School Changes in Achievement Growth (October 2017). NBER Working Paper No. w23922. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3053672

Mark Chin (Contact Author)

Harvard University ( email )

Thomas J. Kane

University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - School of Public Policy & Social Research ( email )

Box 951656
Los Angeles, CA 90095
United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Whitney Kozakowski

Harvard University - Harvard Graduate School of Education ( email )

6 Appian Way
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Beth Schueler

Harvard University ( email )

1875 Cambridge Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Douglas Staiger

Dartmouth College - Department of Economics ( email )

Hanover, NH 03755
United States
603-643-2979 (Phone)

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Downloads
8
Abstract Views
93
PlumX Metrics