Hedging Efficiency of Atlantic Salmon Futures
Aquaculture Economics & Management Volume 20, 2016 - Issue 4: New Market Transaction Mechanisms and Productivity Growth Enhance Aquaculture Production
24 Pages Posted: 20 Oct 2017
Date Written: August 24, 2016
This paper examines the hedging properties of Atlantic salmon futures. Hedging is important since it allows for mitigation of the risk of adverse price changes in the spot market. We examine the hedging efficiency of three types of hedging strategies; unhedged, fully hedged and hedging using optimal hedging ratios. To find the optimal hedge ratio we use an estimated constant hedge ratio, optimal hedge ratios estimated with rolling 20-week and 52-week windows, and bivariate GARCH models. The results provide evidence that hedging using futures contracts listed on Fish Pool reduces risk for producers of farmed Atlantic salmon. The best hedging efficiency is achieved with a simple one-to-one hedge, closely followed by the bivariate GARCH approach.
Keywords: Atlantic salmon markets, Forward prices, Risk premium, Hedging, Hedging efficiency, Hedging strategies, Futures prices, Fish Pool, Multivariate GARCH, Salmon, Commodities
JEL Classification: G13, G14, Q22
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