Marriage-Related Policies in an Estimated Life-Cycle Model of Households' Labor Supply and Savings for Two Cohorts

69 Pages Posted: 23 Oct 2017

See all articles by Margherita Borella

Margherita Borella

University of Torino - Dipartimento di scienze economico-sociali e matematico-statistiche; CeRP - Collegio Carlo Alberto

Mariacristina De Nardi

University College London, Economics Dpt.; Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) - Public Economics

Fang Yang

Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: October 2017

Abstract

In the U.S., both taxes and old age Social Security benefits explicitly depend on one's marital status. We study the effects of eliminating these marriage-related provisions on the labor supply and savings of two different cohorts. To do so, we estimate a rich life-cycle model of couples and singles using the Method of Simulated Moments (MSM) on the 1945 and 1955 birth-year cohorts. Our model matches well the life cycle profiles of labor market participation, hours, and savings for married and single people and generates plausible elasticities of labor supply. We find that these marriage-related provisions reduce the participation of married women over their life cycle, the participation of married men after age 55, and the savings of couples. These effects are large for both the 1945 and 1955 cohorts, even though the latter had much higher labor market participation of married women to start with.

Suggested Citation

Borella, Margherita and De Nardi, Mariacristina and Yang, Fang, Marriage-Related Policies in an Estimated Life-Cycle Model of Households' Labor Supply and Savings for Two Cohorts (October 2017). CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP12390. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3057324

Margherita Borella (Contact Author)

University of Torino - Dipartimento di scienze economico-sociali e matematico-statistiche ( email )

C. so Unione Sovietica, 218 Bis
Torino, 13820-4020
Italy

HOME PAGE: http://https://sites.google.com/site/margheritaborella/

CeRP - Collegio Carlo Alberto

Via Real Collegio, 30
Moncalieri, Turin
Italy
+39 011 647 6525 (Phone)
+39 011 640 3680 (Fax)

Mariacristina De Nardi

University College London, Economics Dpt. ( email )

Gower Street
London WC1E 6BT, WC1E 6BT
United Kingdom

Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago ( email )

Research Department
230 South LaSalle Street
Chicago, IL 60604
United States
312 322 5769 (Phone)
312 322 2357 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.nber.org/~denardim

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) - Public Economics ( email )

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.nber.org/~denardim

Fang Yang

Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge ( email )

Baton Rouge, LA 70803
United States

HOME PAGE: http://faculty.bus.lsu.edu/fyang/

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