Revisiting M&M with Taxes: An Alternative Equilibrating Process
Kopecky, K., Z.F. Li, T.F. Sugrue, and A.L. Tucker. 2018. Revisiting M&M with Taxes: An Alternative Equilibrating Process. International Journal of Financial Studies 6(1): 10
12 Pages Posted: 23 Oct 2017 Last revised: 17 Jan 2018
Date Written: January 2, 2018
Modigliani and Miller (1963) present an equity-quantity shifting equilibrating process to achieve an optimal firm value. However, in the era in which they derived their various propositions regarding the relation between a firm’s value and its capital structure, well-capitalized takeover specialists including private equity firms and sovereign funds did not exist, at least by today’s standards. In this paper we develop a simple arbitrage strategy, made viable by the presence of takeover firms, which presents an alternative equilibrating process to achieve the same optimal firm value. This alternative process is markedly different from that of Modigliani and Miller (1963) in terms of its predictions for debt use and restores the prospect of capital structure irrelevancy (Modigliani and Miller 1958) despite the existence of corporate taxes.
Keywords: Capital Structure; Debt; Interest Deduction; Equity Price Adjustment
JEL Classification: G30; G32
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation