For Whom the Bell (Curve) Tolls: A to F, Trade Your Grade Based on the Net Present Value of Friendships with Financial Incentives

The Journal of Private Equity, 22(3), 64-81, 2019, https://jpe.pm-research.com/content/22/3/64.abstract

Posted: 25 Oct 2017 Last revised: 4 Oct 2019

See all articles by Ravi Kashyap

Ravi Kashyap

Gain Knowledge Group; SolBridge International School of Business; City University of Hong Kong (CityUHK) - Department of Economics & Finance

Date Written: May 31, 2019

Abstract

We discuss a possible solution to an unintended consequence of having grades, certificates, rankings and other diversions in the act of transferring knowledge; and zoom in specifically to the topic of having grades, on a curve. We conduct a thought experiment, taking a chapter (and some more?) from the financial markets, (where we trade pollution and what not?), to create a marketplace, where we can trade our grade, similar in structure to the interest rate swap. We connect this to broader problems that are creeping up, unintentionally, due to artificial labels we are attaching, to ourselves. The policy and philosophical implications of our arguments are to suggest that all trophies that we collect (including certificates, grades, medals etc.) should be viewed as personal equity or private equity (borrowing another widely used term in finance) and we should not use them to determine the outcomes in any selection criteria except have a cutoff point: either for jobs, higher studies, or, financial scholarships, other than for entertainment or spectator sports. We suggest alternate methods for grading and performance assessment and put forth tests for teaching and learning similar to the Turing Test for intelligence.

Keywords: Trade, Grade, Friendship, Pollution, Emission, Finance, Market, Fight, Uncertainty, Social, Science, Time, Net Present Value

JEL Classification: G1, G2, D81

Suggested Citation

Kashyap, Ravi, For Whom the Bell (Curve) Tolls: A to F, Trade Your Grade Based on the Net Present Value of Friendships with Financial Incentives (May 31, 2019). The Journal of Private Equity, 22(3), 64-81, 2019, https://jpe.pm-research.com/content/22/3/64.abstract. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3058632 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3058632

Ravi Kashyap (Contact Author)

Gain Knowledge Group ( email )

1 Austin Road West
Kowloon
Hong Kong

HOME PAGE: http://www.gainknowledge.com

SolBridge International School of Business ( email )

151-13 Samsung 1-dong, Dong-gu
Daejeon, 300-814
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

HOME PAGE: http://www.solbridge.ac.kr/story/page/index.jsp?code=solbridge020103

City University of Hong Kong (CityUHK) - Department of Economics & Finance ( email )

83 Tat Chee Avenue
Kowloon
Hong Kong

HOME PAGE: http://www.cb.cityu.edu.hk/research/student/rkashyap3/

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