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Sharing Child Custody: Co-Parenting After Divorce in Spain

18 Pages Posted: 31 Oct 2017  

Paloma Fernandez-Rasines

Public University of Navarre

Date Written: October 26, 2017

Abstract

English Abstract: Cooperative parenting after separation and divorce in Spain has been introduced with claimed gender neutrality although its application seems to invoke the two-parent heterosexual family ideal that requires genetic truth, surname and residence to be preserved. Legislative developments and legal ordering revolving around joint physical custody and shared residence in this Mediterranean country have taken place within a context of relevant social changes. The aim of this contribution is to demonstrate that divorce law reform has assumed that father and mother share parental responsibility equally, without raising the practical issue of gender role prevalence in physical day-to-day care. Literature on family studies has been reviewed from disciplines such as social anthropology, sociology, political science and law, providing socioeconomic data from primary and secondary sources.

Spanish Abstract: La coparentalidad tras separación o ruptura conyugal en España se ha introducido desde la demanda de una neutralidad de género aunque su puesta en práctica parece invocar al ideal de la familia biparental heterosexual que requiere mantener la verdad genética, el apellido y la residencia. Los desarrollos legislativos y el ordenamiento jurídico en torno a la custodia compartida en este país mediterráneo han tenido lugar en un contexto de cambios sociales muy importantes. El propósito de esta contribución es demostrar que la reforma de la ley del divorcio asume que padre y madre comparten responsabilidades parentales de modo equitativo, sin haber considerado la prevalencia de los roles de género en la práctica del cuidado físico y la atención cotidiana. Se ha revisado la literatura sobre estudios de familia desde disciplinas como la antropología social, la sociología, la ciencia política y el derecho y se han tenido en cuenta datos socioeconómicos de fuentes primarias y secundarias.

Keywords: Divorce, Child Custody, Shared Residence, Co-parenting, Gender Equality, Spain, Divorcio, responsabilidad parental, custodia compartida, coparentalidad, igualdad de género, España

Suggested Citation

Fernandez-Rasines, Paloma, Sharing Child Custody: Co-Parenting After Divorce in Spain (October 26, 2017). Oñati Socio-Legal Series, Vol. 7, No. 6, 2017. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3059523

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