Interpreting Women's History Through Pope Villa in Lexington, Kentucky

10 Pages Posted: 27 Oct 2017 Last revised: 28 Oct 2017

Date Written: October 19, 2017


A speculation on the context of Eliza Johnson Pope's influence on the design of the villa by Benjamin Henry Latrobe that was built (and is still extant) in Lexington, Kentucky. This paper offers a political ideology associated with an educated, elite woman who was married to a Kentucky politician and turns an architectural design component into a connection with the rise of the American peace movement in the U.S. Too often the role of women in advancing peace is ignored in the flurry of historical incidences of women supporting or participating actively in war. By examining the few documents written and drawn by this great American architect, we might consider Eliza Pope's level of educational achievements and cosmopolitan attitudes about the anti-Federalist fervor that led to the War of 1812.

Keywords: Republican Motherhood, Women, Political Ideology, Peace, War of 1812, Kentucky, Benjamin Henry Latrobe, Historic Preservation, Architecture

Suggested Citation

Hollingsworth, Randolph, Interpreting Women's History Through Pope Villa in Lexington, Kentucky (October 19, 2017). Available at SSRN: or

Randolph Hollingsworth (Contact Author)

Independent Scholar ( email )

New Zealand

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