Intellectual Property Rights and the Ascent of Proprietary Innovation in Agriculture

Posted: 27 Oct 2017

See all articles by Matthew S. Clancy

Matthew S. Clancy

US Department of Agriculture

GianCarlo Moschini

Iowa State University - Department of Economics

Date Written: October 2017

Abstract

Biological innovations in agriculture did not enjoy protection by formal intellectual property rights (IPRs) for a long time, but the recent trend has been one of considerable broadening and strengthening of these rights. We document the nature and evolution of these IPRs and provide an assessment of their impacts on innovation. We integrate elements of the institutional history of plant IPRs with a discussion of the relevant economic theory and a review of applicable empirical evidence. Throughout this review, we highlight how the experience of biological innovation mirrors or differs from the broader literature on IPRs and innovation. We conclude with some considerations on the relationship between IPRs, market structure, and the pricing of proprietary inputs in agriculture.

Suggested Citation

Clancy, Matthew S. and Moschini, GianCarlo, Intellectual Property Rights and the Ascent of Proprietary Innovation in Agriculture (October 2017). Annual Review of Resource Economics, Vol. 9, Issue 1, pp. 53-74, 2017, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3060473 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-resource-100516-053524

Matthew S. Clancy (Contact Author)

US Department of Agriculture ( email )

Collier Dr
Geneva, NY
United States

GianCarlo Moschini

Iowa State University - Department of Economics ( email )

260 Heady Hall
Ames, IA 50011
United States

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