Reacting to the Lucas Critique: The Keynesians' Pragmatic Replies
Documents de travail du Centre d’Economie de la Sorbonne No. 2017.42
42 Pages Posted: 30 Oct 2017 Last revised: 9 May 2018
Date Written: October 27, 2017
We illustrate how the Lucas Critique was called into question by Keynesian macroeconomists during the 1970s and 1980s. Our claim is that Keynesians’ reactions were carried out from a pragmatic approach, which addressed the empirical and practical relevance of the Critique. Keynesians rejected the Critique as a general principle with no relevance for concrete macroeconometric practice; their rejection relied on econometric investigations and contextual analysis of the U.S. 1970s stagflation and its aftermath. Keynesians argued that the parameters of their models remained stable across this period, and that simpler ways to account for stagflation (such as the introduction of supply shocks into their models) provided better alternatives to improve policy evaluation.
Keywords: History of Macroeconomics, Lucas Critique, Keynesian Macroeconometrics, Stagflation
JEL Classification: B22, B41, E60, E12
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation