Right to Privacy in Nigeria
21 Pages Posted: 1 Nov 2017
Date Written: October 31, 2017
With the world shrinking to a global village and the complexity of life, it seems that the individual is perpetually connected to world. It is not surprising that the individual has become more sensitive about his/her private life and in many ways, attempts to set boundaries where he/she ‘wants to be let alone’. The right to privacy is shrouded with complexity thus making it difficult to define and determine its scope. The rationale for this apparent difficulty is not unconnected to the fact that the right is virtually unknown in common law. In order to establish the right to privacy, common law sought to explore whether the individual could establish whether there is a breach of confidentiality. It is then not surprising that the Nigerian courts being strongly connected to the English common law have found it increasingly difficult to find an adequate definition of the concept. This paper attempts to explore whether citizens have reasonable expectation of privacy in private and public places. The paper explores the law relating to privacy as enshrined in international, regional documents and national (Nigerian) legislation. The purpose of this paper is to consider whether the law affords an objective norm which can be implored to protect the privacy of the individual. It also seeks to explain the nature and extent of how the right to privacy is protected.
Keywords: Right to Privacy, Confidentiality, Nigeria, Nigerian Constitution
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