The Challenges of Federalism to Canada's International Trade Relations: The Canada-European Union Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement

International Journal: Canada's Journal of Global Policy Analysis, Vol 72, Issue 1, 2017

12 Pages Posted: 19 Mar 2018

See all articles by Ali Tejpar

Ali Tejpar

University of Ottawa, Common Law Section, Students; Carleton University, Norman Paterson School of International Affairs, Students

Date Written: March 7, 2017

Abstract

As one of the first “second-generation” free trade agreements that address indirect and non-tariff barriers, the Canada–European Union Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) is likely to serve as an international model. CETA, however, highlights significant challenges for Canadian federalism in both the negotiation and implementation processes of this and any such future trade agreements. While the inclusion of sub-federal governments allows for provinces/territories to help shape the provisions that fall within their jurisdictions, this paper argues that subsequent challenges arise in conveying a unified Canadian commitment to implement the agreement. Overall, the CETA negotiations demonstrated the significant institutional weaknesses of current federal–provincial/territorial relations with respect to international trade agreements. In the Canadian context, this suggests a need for “summit federalism” to ensure that all federal–provincial/territorial governments align their terms and interests and convey a unified commitment to fulfilling Canada’s current and future international trade agreements.

Keywords: International trade, federalism, international trade agreements, trade negotiations, international law, international relations, free trade, Canada, European Union, intergovernmental relations

JEL Classification: F1, F13, F15, F51, F53, K33

Suggested Citation

Tejpar, Ali, The Challenges of Federalism to Canada's International Trade Relations: The Canada-European Union Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (March 7, 2017). International Journal: Canada's Journal of Global Policy Analysis, Vol 72, Issue 1, 2017. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3062711

Ali Tejpar (Contact Author)

University of Ottawa, Common Law Section, Students ( email )

Ottawa, Ontario
Canada

Carleton University, Norman Paterson School of International Affairs, Students ( email )

1125 Colonel By Drive
Ottawa
Canada

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