Understanding Knowledge Network, Learning and Connectivism
International Journal of Instructional Technology and Distance Learning, Vol.12, No.10
19 Pages Posted: 2 Nov 2017
Date Written: 2015
Behaviorism, Cognitivism, Constructivism and other growing theories such as Actor-Network and Connectivism are circulating in the educational field. For each, there are allies who stand behind research evidence and consistency of observation. Meantime, those existing theories dominate the field until the background is changed or new concrete evidence proves their insufficiencies. Connectivists claim that the background or the general climate has recently changed: a new generation of researchers, connectivists propose a new way of conceiving knowledge. According to them, knowledge is a network and learning is a process of exploring this network. Other researchers find this notion either not clear or not new and probably, with no effect in the education field. This paper addresses a foggy understanding of knowledge defined as a network and the lack of resources talking about this topic. Therefore, it tries to clarify what it means to define knowledge as a network and in what way it can affect teaching and learning.
Keywords: learning theory, Constructivism, Connectivism, knowledge, network learning, e-learning, Massive Open Online Course, MOOC, epistemology, ontology, online learning, Artificial Intelligence, AI
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