The New Environmental Law: Forest Certification

92 Pages Posted: 3 Nov 2017

See all articles by Errol Meidinger

Errol Meidinger

University at Buffalo Law School

Date Written: June 20, 2001


This paper argues that the rapidly expanding practice of forest certification, together with similar developments in other sectors, is creating a new template for environmental law. Nongovernmental organizations and some industry actors are establishing binding regulatory standards, systems for monitoring compliance, sanctions for non-compliance, and, when things work well, methods for assessment and revision. It locates these developments as a part of “phase 3” of environmental law, which also involves a proliferation of other initiatives beyond traditional regulation. Finally, it offers a preliminary discussion of the efficacy, adaptability, coherence, and legitimacy of the emergent system.

Keywords: Forest Certification, Global Governance, Transnational Regulation, Forest Governance, Private Regulation, Global Civil Society

Suggested Citation

Meidinger, Errol, The New Environmental Law: Forest Certification (June 20, 2001). Available at SSRN: or

Errol Meidinger (Contact Author)

University at Buffalo Law School ( email )

520 O'Brian Hall
Buffalo, NY 14260-1100
United States
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