School Choice and School Productivity (or Could School Choice Be a Tide that Lifts All Boats?)

77 Pages Posted: 4 Apr 2002

See all articles by Caroline M. Hoxby

Caroline M. Hoxby

Stanford University; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); Hoover Institution; Stanford University

Date Written: April 2002

Abstract

A school that is more productive is one that produces higher achievement in its pupils for each dollar it spends. In this paper, I comprehensively review how school choice might affect productivity. I begin by describing the importance of school productivity, then explain the economic logic that suggests that choice will affect productivity, and finish by presenting much of the available evidence on school choice and school productivity. The most intriguing evidence comes from three important, recent choice reforms: vouchers in Milwaukee, charter schools in Michigan, and charter schools in Arizona. I show that public school students' achievement rose significantly and rapidly in response to competition, under each of the three reforms. Public school spending was unaffected, so the productivity of public schools rose, dramatically in the case in Milwaukee.

Suggested Citation

Hoxby, Caroline M., School Choice and School Productivity (or Could School Choice Be a Tide that Lifts All Boats?) (April 2002). NBER Working Paper No. w8873. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=306407

Caroline M. Hoxby (Contact Author)

Stanford University ( email )

Landau Economics Building
579 Serra Mall
Stanford, CA 94305-6072
United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Hoover Institution ( email )

Stanford, CA 94305-6010
United States

Stanford University ( email )

Department of Economics
Stanford University
Stanford, CA 94305
United States
650-725-8719 (Phone)
650-725-5702 (Fax)

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Downloads
147
Abstract Views
2,047
rank
200,157
PlumX Metrics