The Selection of High-Skilled Emigrants

80 Pages Posted: 6 Nov 2017

See all articles by Fabian Waldinger

Fabian Waldinger

University of Warwick - Department of Economics

Matthias Parey

University of Essex - Department of Economics

Jens Ruhose

Leibniz Universit├Ąt Hannover - Faculty of Economics and Management

Nicolai Netz

Deutsches Zentrum fuer Hochschul- und Wissenschaftsforschung (DZHW)

Date Written: October 2017

Abstract

We measure selection among high-skilled emigrants from Germany using predicted earnings. Migrants to less equal countries are positively selected relative to non-migrants, while migrants to more equal countries are negatively selected, consistent with the prediction in Borjas (1987). Positive selection to less equal countries reflects university quality and grades, and negative selection to more equal countries reflects university subject and gender. Migrants to the United States are highly positively selected and concentrated in STEM fields. Our results highlight the relevance of the Borjas model for high-skilled individuals when credit constraints and other migration barriers are unlikely to be binding.

Keywords: emigrants, high-skilled, migrant selection, migrants

JEL Classification: F22, I23, J61, O15

Suggested Citation

Waldinger, Fabian and Parey, Matthias and Ruhose, Jens and Netz, Nicolai, The Selection of High-Skilled Emigrants (October 2017). CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP12403. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3065975

Fabian Waldinger

University of Warwick - Department of Economics ( email )

Coventry CV4 7AL
United Kingdom

Matthias Parey

University of Essex - Department of Economics ( email )

Wivenhoe Park
Colchester CO4 3SQ
United Kingdom

Jens Ruhose

Leibniz Universit├Ąt Hannover - Faculty of Economics and Management ( email )

Koenigsworther Platz 1
Hannover, 30167
Germany

Nicolai Netz (Contact Author)

Deutsches Zentrum fuer Hochschul- und Wissenschaftsforschung (DZHW) ( email )

Goseriede 9
Hannover, 30159
Germany

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