Country Size, Specialization Patterns and Secular Demand Stagnation

37 Pages Posted: 8 Nov 2017

See all articles by Yoshiyasu Ono

Yoshiyasu Ono

Osaka University - Institute of Social and Economic Research (ISER)

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Date Written: November 6, 2017

Abstract

Using a dynamic two-country two-commodity Ricardian model where preference for money (or wealth) leads to aggregate demand deficiency, this paper examines the relationship between the two countries’ relative population size and their specialization patterns, employment and consumption. When the countries have similar population sizes, they specialize in respective commodities with comparative advantage. In this case a larger foreign, or a smaller home, population raises the relative price of the home commodity. It raises home real income and consumption per capita if full employment prevails in the home country. If unemployment appears, however, home employment and consumption per capita decrease.

Keywords: Secular Demand Stagnation, Liquidity Trap, Unemployment, Population, Specialization Pattern

JEL Classification: F41, E24, E32

Suggested Citation

Ono, Yoshiyasu, Country Size, Specialization Patterns and Secular Demand Stagnation (November 6, 2017). ISER Discussion Paper No. 1017. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3066469 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3066469

Yoshiyasu Ono (Contact Author)

Osaka University - Institute of Social and Economic Research (ISER) ( email )

6-1 Mihogaoka
Ibaraki, Osaka 567-0047
Japan

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