Implementing Transition: Legal and Political Limits

16 Pages Posted: 9 Nov 2017

See all articles by Kenneth Armstrong

Kenneth Armstrong

University of Cambridge; Centre for European Legal Studies

Date Written: November 1, 2017


The United Kingdom Government is looking to negotiate an interim framework for cooperation with the European Union. This framework will apply in the period between the UK’s exit from the EU and the agreement of a more comprehensive deal between the UK and the EU. The aim of this technical paper is to explore in more detail the legal and political limits to the creation of an interim framework. A key legal issue is the extent to which an interim framework can be negotiated within the scope of the Article 50 withdrawal process.

The paper considers four options:

• A ‘stand-still’ transition. • A ‘provisional’ trade or association agreement. • Deferred departure. • Interim membership of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA), and use of its European Economic Area Agreement (EEA) with the EU.

Keywords: Constitutional Law, UK Law, EU Law, Brexit, European Union Law

JEL Classification: K00, K1, K10, K19, K3, K30, K39, K4, K40, K49

Suggested Citation

Armstrong, Kenneth, Implementing Transition: Legal and Political Limits (November 1, 2017). University of Cambridge Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 50/2017, Available at SSRN: or

Kenneth Armstrong (Contact Author)

University of Cambridge ( email )

Trinity Ln
Cambridge, CB2 1TN
United Kingdom

Centre for European Legal Studies ( email )

10 West Road
Cambridge, CB3 9DZ
United Kingdom


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