Licensing Speed: Its Determinants and Payoffs
Journal of Engineering and Technology Management, 2017
44 Pages Posted: 9 Nov 2017
Date Written: November 7, 2017
There has been much research interest in the speed of innovation, although few consistent findings have emerged. In this study, we unpack the innovation process and focus on the commercialization stage to examine two questions: Which licensor and patent characteristics determine the speed of licensing? How does the speed of licensing impact the royalties and lump-sum payments to licensors? We addressed these questions by proposing that licensing speed is influenced by variables for licensor prominence (size and experience), licensor knowledge structuration (technological depth, technological breadth and experience), and patent appeal (forward citations, scope and complexity). We predict and find that these variables work to increase the size, complexity and duration of the licensing-out task, while also allowing licensors to take their time to review, negotiate and select agreements with higher royalty rates. These findings are counter to arguments for a fast-paced innovation strategy, as it suggests that for the commercialization stage of the innovation process the relationship between licensing speed and licensor royalty rates rewards a ‘less haste, greater payoff approach.
Keywords: Licensing, biopharmaceutical, patents, licensing speed, royalty rates, innovation, licensors, licensees, prestige, prominence
JEL Classification: M
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation