How Does Transportation Shape Intrametropolitan Growth? An Answer from the Regional Express Rail

23 Pages Posted: 13 Nov 2017

See all articles by Miquel-Àngel Garcia-López

Miquel-Àngel Garcia-López

Autonomous University of Barcelona; University of Barcelona - Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB)

Camille Hémet

University of Barcelona - Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB)

Elisabet Viladecans-Marsal

University of Barcelona

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: November 2017

Abstract

This paper analyzes the influence of transportation infrastructure, and in particular of the Regional Express Rail (RER), on employment and population growth in the Paris metropolitan area between 1968 and 2010. In order to make proper causal inference, we rely on historical instruments and control for all other transportation modes that could be complement or substitute to the RER. Our results show that proximity to an RER station increases employment and population density and, in particular, employment and population growth. The latter effects are higher in municipalities located near RER stations and close to employment (sub)centers. They are also found to be particularly strong for jobs in the service sector, for factory workers, and for highly educated population. We find no impact of the RER expansion on employment growth during the first part of the period, while the effect on population growth appears earlier but declines over time.

Keywords: transportation, urban growth, urban spatial structure

Suggested Citation

Garcia-López, Miquel-Àngel and Hémet, Camille and Viladecans-Marsal, Elisabet, How Does Transportation Shape Intrametropolitan Growth? An Answer from the Regional Express Rail (November 2017). Journal of Regional Science, Vol. 57, Issue 5, pp. 758-780, 2017. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3069168 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jors.12338

Miquel-Àngel Garcia-López (Contact Author)

Autonomous University of Barcelona ( email )

Plaça Cívica
Cerdañola del Valles
Barcelona, Barcelona 08193
Spain

University of Barcelona - Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB) ( email )

Barcelona

Camille Hémet

University of Barcelona - Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB) ( email )

c/ Tinent Coronel Valenzuela, 1-11
Barcelona, 08034
Spain

Elisabet Viladecans-Marsal

University of Barcelona ( email )

Gran Via de les Corts Catalanes, 585
Barcelona, 08007
Spain

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