Evaluating World Bank Support to Building Capacity of the State and Its Accountability to Citizens in Afghanistan
Forthcoming chapter in Awotona, A. ed. 2019. Rebuilding Afghanistan in Times of Crisis: A Global Response. New York: Routledge, Forthcoming
9 Pages Posted: 16 Nov 2017
Date Written: November 13, 2017
An evaluation looked at the results of World Bank assistance in Afghanistan, over the period 2002-2011. This chapter focuses on the first main area of support: building the capacity of the state and its accountability to citizens. There were two main dimensions to this assistance. First, the Bank supported core financial systems to heighten fiscal sustainability, and improve transparency and accountability. The results include a relatively strong framework of public financial management, including improvements in budgeting and spending efficiency at line ministries. However, challenges remain, including weak capacity for processing procurement, and implementation delays due to security issues. Second, the Bank helped build and improve core administrative and judicial institutions at the national and subnational levels. Results include adoption of new laws and regulations, more transparent recruitment, and pay and grading reforms. However, corruption is rampant, and there is little evidence of improved administrative performance, except by a “second civil service” of contracted specialists paid with unsustainable donor funds.
Keywords: public finance, public administration, afghanistan, world bank
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