James M. Buchanan and the Political Economy of Desegregation

64 Pages Posted: 17 Nov 2017 Last revised: 12 Jun 2018

Phillip Magness

Berry College - Department of Economics; George Mason University - School of Policy, Government, and International Affairs

Art Carden

Brock School of Business, Samford University; Independent Institute

Vincent Geloso

Texas Tech University

Date Written: November 15, 2017

Abstract

Recent historical works, most notably 2017’s Democracy in Chains, claim that 1986 Nobel Laureate James M. Buchanan’s formative contributions to political economy were inspired in significant part by hostility to Brown v. Board of Education. This argument suggests that the research agenda of public choice economics emerged from an opportunistic alliance with Virginia’s “Massive Resistance” to school integration and should thus be situated within the racially tinged tradition of southern conservatism. While Buchanan wrote very little on the economics of race, an extensive review of archival evidence as well as his published works refutes this claimed association. Buchanan’s work is better understood in the context of his Chicago school mentor Frank Knight as well as his own support for the public choice contributions of W.H. Hutt, rather than the unattested links to southern racial conservatism that are posited by MacLean. To the contrary, we show that Buchanan opposed segregation and believed that the competitive processes of an educational voucher system would undermine the Massive Resistance status quo. We accordingly reject the primary thesis of Democracy in Chains and offer a corrective account of the relationship between Buchanan and the segregation debate.

Keywords: Public Choice, James M. Buchanan, Segregation

JEL Classification: D7, J15, B31

Suggested Citation

Magness, Phillip and Carden, Art and Geloso, Vincent, James M. Buchanan and the Political Economy of Desegregation (November 15, 2017). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3071403 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3071403

Phillip Magness (Contact Author)

Berry College - Department of Economics ( email )

Mount Berry, GA 30149
United States

George Mason University - School of Policy, Government, and International Affairs ( email )

Founders Hall
3351 Fairfax Dr.
Arlington, VA 22201
United States

Art Carden

Brock School of Business, Samford University ( email )

800 Lakeshore Drive
Birmingham, AL 35229
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.artcarden.com

Independent Institute ( email )

100 Swan Way
Oakland, CA 94621-1428
United States

Vincent Geloso

Texas Tech University ( email )

1901 University Avenue
Lubbock, TX Texas 79410
United States

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