A Life-Course Study on the Migration Biographies of Russians

54 Pages Posted: 20 Nov 2017

See all articles by Thomas H. Espy

Thomas H. Espy

National Research University Higher School of Economics

Ekaterina Mitrofanova

National Research University Higher School of Economics; Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration

Date Written: November 15, 2017

Abstract

Migration in any context may be approached from myriad perspectives and with varied techniques; in this study, we examine migration in Russia using the life-course perspective. We investigate two core issues: the factors of migration and the position of migration in the Russian life course. In addition, we perform data exploration and assess at what stage of the Zelinsky mobility transition model Russia is. We use exploratory analytical tools and life-course analytical methods such as event history analysis (EHA) and sequence analysis (SA) in this study.

The exploratory data analysis (EDA) and EHA reveal interesting, albeit in some cases contradictory, results. We find that Russians are not very mobile, particularly in large cities; movement more often occurs in mid-sized cities and towns. One intriguing observation is the prevalence of what may well be return migration to rural areas among women born in 1990-1995. Furthermore, the military is shown empirically to be a major factor; in all, we find that enlistment, sex, generation, and type of education are significant factors in migration, with soldiers, women, younger generations, and those with higher education exhibiting higher likelihoods of migration.

The SA results show that migration is often positioned as a starting event in Russians biographies; more interestingly, it is also positioned to work potentially as a deferment or avoidance tool (e.g., draft avoidance). Our observations and test results lead us to conclude that Russia is at the “advanced society” stage of the Zelinsky mobility transition model.

Keywords: Russia, migration, life course, exploratory data analysis, event history analysis, sequence analysis

JEL Classification: J62, C41

Suggested Citation

Espy, Thomas H. and Mitrofanova, Ekaterina, A Life-Course Study on the Migration Biographies of Russians (November 15, 2017). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3071733 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3071733

Thomas H. Espy

National Research University Higher School of Economics ( email )

Myasnitskaya street, 20
Moscow, Moscow 119017
Russia

Ekaterina Mitrofanova (Contact Author)

National Research University Higher School of Economics ( email )

20 Myasnitskaya
Moscow, 101000
Russia

HOME PAGE: http://https://www.hse.ru/en/staff/emitrofanova

Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration ( email )

Moscow

HOME PAGE: http://https://www.ranepa.ru/prepodavateli/sotrudnik/?id=0a8c3395-f827-e611-80cb-005056a06105

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