The Policy Context and Infant and Toddler Care in the Welfare Reform Era

34 Pages Posted: 12 Apr 2002 Last revised: 18 May 2010

See all articles by Ann Dryden Witte

Ann Dryden Witte

Wellesley College - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Magaly Queralt

Wellesley Child Care Research Partnership

Robert Witt

University of Surrey

Harriet Griesinger

Wellesley College

Date Written: April 2002

Abstract

We provide descriptive evidence from Miami-Dade County (MDC), FL and from five representative areas in Massachusetts (MA) that government policies governing welfare reform, the child-care subsidy system and minimum-standards regulation have had considerable impact on the availability, price, and quality of infant and toddler care, as welfare reform progressed from 1996 to 2000. Among our more interesting findings are the following: (1) There has been more than a doubling of the number of low-income infants and toddlers with child care subsidies in formal care in MDC, an area where cash assistance recipients are required to be active when their youngest child is three years old; and (2) Child care centers in both MA and MDC appear to be subsidizing their infant and toddler programs; this helps to explain why it has been difficult to expand the amount of infant and toddler care available.

Suggested Citation

Dryden Witte, Ann and Queralt, Magaly and Witt, Robert and Griesinger, Harriet E., The Policy Context and Infant and Toddler Care in the Welfare Reform Era (April 2002). NBER Working Paper No. w8893, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=307300

Ann Dryden Witte (Contact Author)

Wellesley College - Department of Economics ( email )

106 Central Street
Wellesley, MA 02181
United States
781-283-2163 (Phone)
781-283-2177 (Fax)

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
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Magaly Queralt

Wellesley Child Care Research Partnership ( email )

Wellesley College
Wellesley, MA 02481
United States

Robert Witt

University of Surrey ( email )

Guildford
Guildford, Surrey GU2 5XH
United Kingdom

Harriet E. Griesinger

Wellesley College ( email )

106 Central St.
Wellesley, MA 02181
United States

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