The Impact of Highways on Population Redistribution: The Role of Land Development Restrictions

Tinbergen Institute Discussion Paper 17-109/VIII

32 Pages Posted: 21 Nov 2017 Last revised: 26 Nov 2017

See all articles by Or Levkovich

Or Levkovich

VU University Amsterdam - Department of Spatial Economics

Jan Rouwendal

VU University Amsterdam - Department of Spatial Economics; Tinbergen Institute

Jos N. van Ommeren

Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, School of Business and Economics; Tinbergen Institute

Date Written: November 17, 2017

Abstract

We study the role of land development restrictions for the effects of highway expansion on the spatial distribution of population. We demonstrate that these restrictions strongly interfered with the effects of highways in the Netherlands.

Introducing an IV approach to address endogenous interaction variables, our findings show that new highways accelerated population growth in peripheral areas, but had no such effect in central cities and suburban municipalities. We find that due to development restrictions near larger cities, the highway expansion caused a ‘leapfrog’ pattern, in which suburban growth skipped development-restricted areas and expanded into farther located peripheral areas.

Keywords: Highways, Development Restrictions, Population Redistribution, Suburbanization, Instrumental Variables, Endogenous Interaction Variables

JEL Classification: R11, R58, R52

Suggested Citation

Levkovich, Or and Rouwendal, Jan and van Ommeren, Jos N., The Impact of Highways on Population Redistribution: The Role of Land Development Restrictions (November 17, 2017). Tinbergen Institute Discussion Paper 17-109/VIII, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3073064 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3073064

Or Levkovich (Contact Author)

VU University Amsterdam - Department of Spatial Economics ( email )

De Boelelaan 1105
1081HV Amsterdam
Netherlands

Jan Rouwendal

VU University Amsterdam - Department of Spatial Economics ( email )

De Boelelaan 1105
1081HV Amsterdam
Netherlands

Tinbergen Institute ( email )

Burg. Oudlaan 50
Rotterdam, 3062 PA
Netherlands

Jos N. Van Ommeren

Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, School of Business and Economics ( email )

De Boelelaan 1105
Amsterdam, 1081HV
Netherlands

Tinbergen Institute ( email )

Gustav Mahlerplein 117
Amsterdam, 1082 MS
Netherlands

Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Downloads
42
Abstract Views
356
PlumX Metrics