Testigos (DCH) (Witnesses (DCH))

26 Pages Posted: 28 Nov 2017 Last revised: 15 Feb 2020

Date Written: June 1, 2017

Abstract

Spanish Abstract: El artículo estudia uno de los tres tipos de pruebas a los que debían recurrir tanto los litigantes para probar sus intenciones, como los jueces para averiguar la verdad y dictar su sentencia en un juicio: las declaraciones de los testigos. Se analiza, por consiguiente, el conjunto de reglas que fueron destinadas a garantizar la validez de las declaraciones de los testigos y su correcta valoración por parte de los jueces. Señalamos que, en esta materia, el derecho canónico giró en torno a tres aspectos principales: la selección de los testigos en función de su edad, género, calidad y relaciones de parentesco o amistad/enemistad con las partes, los procedimientos formales para examinar a los testigos y, finalmente, los castigos que incurrían los perjuros. Si bien aquellas normas estuvieron en gran medida inspiradas del derecho castellano, algunas variaciones fueron introducidas en el orden jurídico desarrollado en Hispanoamérica y Filipinas entre los siglos XVI y XVIII para atender la cuestión de las distancias, por un lado, y del testimonio indígena, por otro.

English Abstract: The paper focuses on one of the three kinds of evidence that litigants were supposed to use to prove their intentions, as well as judges to investigate a case and pronounce their judgement: witness testimonies. We analyze the set of rules that were established to guarantee the validity of the statements, as well as their correct assessment by judges. It will be emphasized that canonical law focused on three basic aspects: the selection of the witnesses according to their age, gender, quality, and relationship to the litigants, the formal procedures used to examine the witnesses and, finally, the punishments for perjuring. Although those norms were in large part inspired by Castilian law, some variations were introduced in Spanish America and the Philippines in order to address the issue of distances, on the one hand, and that of indigenous testimony, on the other.

Note: Downloadable document is available in Spanish.

Keywords: Witnesses, Selection, Evaluation, Number, Quality

Suggested Citation

CUNILL, Caroline, Testigos (DCH) (Witnesses (DCH)) (June 1, 2017). Max Planck Institute for European Legal History Research Paper Series No. 2017-08, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3073142 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3073142

Caroline CUNILL (Contact Author)

Le Mans Université ( email )

19bis Rue La Noue Bras de Fer
Nantes, 44200
France

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