Propagation of Monetary Policy through Production Networks
81 Pages Posted: 20 Nov 2017 Last revised: 19 Feb 2021
Date Written: February 2021
We study the importance of production networks for the transmission of macroeconomic shocks using the stock market reaction to monetary policy shocks as a laboratory. We decompose the overall effect of monetary policy shocks into a direct effect and a network effect and attribute 55 to 85 percent of the overall effect to the network effect. Large network effects are a robust feature of the data, and we document similar patterns in realized cash-flow fundamentals. A simple model with intermediate inputs predicts that the reaction of stock returns to shocks follows a spatial autoregression, which we exploit for our empirical strategy. Our results suggest that production networks are an important mechanism for transmitting aggregate shocks to the real economy.
Keywords: Input-Output Linkages, Spillover Effects, Asset Prices, High Frequency Identification
JEL Classification: E12, E31, E44, E52, G12, G14
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