Matching between Students and Universities: What are the Sources of Inequalities of Access to Higher Education?

26 Pages Posted: 24 Nov 2017

See all articles by Ilya Prakhov

Ilya Prakhov

National Research University Higher School of Economics

Denis Sergienko

National Research University Higher School of Economics

Date Written: November 21, 2017

Abstract

It is assumed that a perfect balance between student academic achievement and university quality is beneficial both for students and higher education institutions (HEIs). Matching theory predicts the existence of perfect matching between the two groups in the absence of transaction costs associated with university enrollment. However, in this study we show cases of mismatch situations in Russia under the Unified State Exam (USE) – the standardized student admission mechanism. This research studies the reasons for this phenomenon for minimal transaction costs and the emergence of unequal access to HEIs. Based on data on Moscow high school graduates who entered university, the determinants of the mismatch between the quality of universities and applicant abilities are assessed. It is shown that although in most cases favorable matching results are established, the individual student achievement results themselves are subject to the influence of school and family characteristics. Thus, inequality of access can be formed at stages preceding HEI enrollment.

Keywords: Matching, Mismatch, Admission, Accessibility of Higher Education, the Unified State Exam

JEL Classification: I21, I24, I28

Suggested Citation

Prakhov, Ilya and Sergienko, Denis, Matching between Students and Universities: What are the Sources of Inequalities of Access to Higher Education? (November 21, 2017). Higher School of Economics Research Paper No. WP BRP 45/EDU/2017. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3075029 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3075029

Ilya Prakhov (Contact Author)

National Research University Higher School of Economics ( email )

Myasnitskaya street, 20
Moscow, Moscow 119017
Russia

HOME PAGE: http://www.hse.ru/org/persons/266431

Denis Sergienko

National Research University Higher School of Economics ( email )

Myasnitskaya street, 20
Moscow, Moscow 119017
Russia

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