Biomechanically Inspired Shape Memory Effect Machines Driven by Muscle Like Acting Niti Alloys

American Journal of Applied Sciences, Volume 13, Issue 11, Pages 1264-1271, DOI : 10.3844/ajassp.2016.1264.1271

8 Pages Posted: 27 Nov 2017

See all articles by Raffaella Aversa

Raffaella Aversa

Advanced Material Lab - Department of Architecture and Industrial Design

Francesco Tamburrino

Advanced Material Lab - Department of Architecture and Industrial Design

Relly Victoria Petrescu

Polytechnic University of Bucharest - ARoTMM-IFToMM

Florian Ion Petrescu

Polytechnic University of Bucharest - ARoTMM-IFToMM

Mateus Artur

Polytechnic Institute of Leiria - Centre for Rapid and Sustainable Product Development (CDRSP)

Guanying Chen

University of Alabama

Antonio Apicella

Advanced Material Lab - Department of Architecture and Industrial Design

Date Written: November 23, 2016

Abstract

The research shows a bioinspired approach to be adopted to design of systems based on Shape Memory Alloys (SMAs), a class of Smart Materials that has in common with muscles the capability to react to an impulse (thermal for SMAs) with a contraction. The biomechanically inspired machine that is discussed in the paper refers to the antagonistic muscles pairs, which belongs to the Skeletal Muscles and are normally arranged in opposition so that as one group of muscles contract another group relaxes or lengthens. The study proposes a model, a solution not only to design a specific application, but also to provide an approach to be used for a wide range of adaptive applications (switchable windows, smart shadow systems, parking and urban shelters, etc.), where the shape changes in response to different external stimuli. The use of antagonist pairs mechanism provides a solution for better optimized systems based on SMAs where the main and proven advantages are: Easier and faster change of shape, lower need of energy for system operation, lower cost for SMA training and no problem of overheating.

Suggested Citation

Aversa, Raffaella and Tamburrino, Francesco and Petrescu, Relly Victoria and Petrescu, Florian Ion and Artur, Mateus and Chen, Guanying and Apicella, Antonio, Biomechanically Inspired Shape Memory Effect Machines Driven by Muscle Like Acting Niti Alloys (November 23, 2016). American Journal of Applied Sciences, Volume 13, Issue 11, Pages 1264-1271, DOI : 10.3844/ajassp.2016.1264.1271 . Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3075373

Raffaella Aversa

Advanced Material Lab - Department of Architecture and Industrial Design ( email )

81031 Aversa (CE)
Italy

Francesco Tamburrino

Advanced Material Lab - Department of Architecture and Industrial Design ( email )

81031 Aversa (CE)
Italy

Relly Victoria Petrescu

Polytechnic University of Bucharest - ARoTMM-IFToMM ( email )

Romania

Florian Ion Petrescu (Contact Author)

Polytechnic University of Bucharest - ARoTMM-IFToMM ( email )

Romania

Mateus Artur

Polytechnic Institute of Leiria - Centre for Rapid and Sustainable Product Development (CDRSP) ( email )

Alto do Vieiro
Leiria
Portugal

Guanying Chen

University of Alabama ( email )

101 Paul W. Bryant Dr.
Box 870382
Tuscaloosa, AL 35487
United States

Antonio Apicella

Advanced Material Lab - Department of Architecture and Industrial Design ( email )

81031 Aversa (CE)
Italy

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