Credit Supply Responses to Reserve Requirement: Loan-Level Evidence from Macroprudential Policy
41 Pages Posted: 11 Dec 2017
Date Written: November 1, 2017
This paper estimates the impact of reserve requirements (RR) on credit supply in Brazil, exploring a large loan-level dataset. We use a difference-in-difference strategy, first in a long panel, then in a cross-section. In the first case, we estimate the average effect on credit supply of several changes in RR from 2008 to 2015 using a macroprudential policy index. In the second, we use the bank-specific regulatory change to estimate credit supply responses from (1) a countercyclical easing policy implemented to alleviate a credit crunch in the aftermath of the 2008 global crisis; and (2) from its related tightening. We find evidence of a lending channel where more liquid banks mitigate RR policy. Exploring the two phases of countercyclical policy, we find that the easing impacted the lending channel on average two times more than the tightening. Foreign and small banks mitigate these effects. Finally, banks are prone to lend less to riskier firms.
Paper produced as part of the BIS Consultative Council for the Americas (CCA) research project on “The Impact of Macroprudential Policies: An Empirical Analysis Using Credit Registry Data” implemented by a Working Group of the CCA Consultative Group of Directors of Financial Stability (CGDFS).
Keywords: Reserve requirement, credit supply, capital ratio, liquidity ratio, macroprudential policy
JEL Classification: E51, E52, E58, G21, G28
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation