Quantile-Based Risk Sharing with Heterogeneous Beliefs
30 Pages Posted: 6 Dec 2017 Last revised: 17 Jul 2018
Date Written: November 29, 2017
We study risk sharing games with quantile-based risk measures and heterogeneous beliefs, motivated by the use of internal models in finance and insurance. Explicit forms of Pareto-optimal allocations and competitive equilibria are obtained by solving various optimization problems. For Expected Shortfall (ES) agents, Pareto-optimal allocations are shown to be equivalent to equilibrium allocations, and the equilibrium price is unique. For Value-at-Risk (VaR) agents or mixed VaR and ES agents, a competitive equilibrium does not exist. Our results generalize existing ones on risk sharing games with risk measures and belief homogeneity, and draw an interesting connection to early work on optimization properties of ES and VaR.
Keywords: Risk Sharing, Competitive Equilibrium, Belief Heterogeneity, Quantiles, Non-Convexity, Risk Measures
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