Is Inequality of Opportunity Robust to the Measurement Approach?

26 Pages Posted: 5 Dec 2017

See all articles by Xavier Ramos

Xavier Ramos

Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

Dirk Van de Gaer

Ghent University-Universiteit Gent - Department of Social Economics

Abstract

Recent literature has suggested many ways of measuring equality of opportunity. We analyze in a systematic manner the various approaches put forth in the literature to show whether and to what extent different choices matter empirically. We use EU-SILC data for most European countries for 2005 and 2011. The choice between ex-ante and ex-post approaches is crucial and has a substantial influence on inequality of opportunity country orderings. Growth regressions also illustrate the relevance of conceptual choices. We only find significant negative effects for some direct parametric ex-ante measures.

Keywords: equality of opportunity, measurement, ex-ante, ex-post, direct approach, indirect approach, responsibility, effort, income, EU-SILC

JEL Classification: D3, D63

Suggested Citation

Ramos, Xavier and Van de Gaer, Dirk, Is Inequality of Opportunity Robust to the Measurement Approach?. IZA Discussion Paper No. 11157. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3081389

Xavier Ramos (Contact Author)

Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona ( email )

Dept. Economia Aplicada
Campus UAB
Bellaterra, Barcelona 08193
Spain

Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Dirk Van de Gaer

Ghent University-Universiteit Gent - Department of Social Economics ( email )

Hoveniersberg 24
Gent, 9000
Belgium

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