Corruption and Social Responsibility: Bribe Offers Among Small Entrepreneurs in Azerbaijan
East European Politics, Vol. 30, No. 1: 34 - 53, 2013 DOI/10.1080/21599165.2013.861351
Posted: 12 Dec 2017
Date Written: September 12, 2013
The literature on corruption concentrates exclusively on bribe demands by bureaucrats and does not analyse bribe offers by citizens. Building on theoretical propositions from socio-cultural theories of corruption, this article uses the logistic regression method to test whether lower social responsibility translates into higher rates of bribe offers by small and medium entrepreneurs in Azerbaijan. Based on a survey of 611 respondents, the research analyses social pro-activism of businessmen. The study contends that infrequent community participation, the lack of choice to avoid bribe demands, and a higher share of monthly proﬁt that the respondents are ready to spend on the acquisition of markers of “status” translate into a higher probability of bribe offers. The research suggests that in order to be successful in ﬁghting corruption, the Azerbaijani government should, in addition to bribe demands, also focus on bribe offers. Social activism of entrepreneurs provides clues for success in ﬁghting bribe offers, and corruption in general.
Keywords: Post-Communist Transition, Small and Medium Entrepreneurs, Bribe Offers and Bribe Demand, Azerbaijan, Social Pro-Activism and Responsibility, Corruption
JEL Classification: D22, D72
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation