Do Overoptimistic Men Drive Creative Destruction? Evidence of Gendered Inventive Activity in Finland

65 Pages Posted: 12 Dec 2017

See all articles by Jussi Heikkilä

Jussi Heikkilä

University of Jyväskylä - School of Business and Economics; Nokia Corporation

Date Written: December 8, 2017

Abstract

This study extends the analysis of the "patenting gender gap" into design rights and utility model (UMs), which are alternative methods for protecting intellectual property (IP). The analysis is descriptive and uses registry data from the Finnish patent and registration office (PRH) covering the years 1982–2013. A persistent gender gap is found for all intellectual property rights (IPRs): women are inventors and designers only in a small share of filings. The gap has narrowed over time for national patent and design right filings but not for UM filings. It is found that, in comparison to men, women are relatively less often individual inventors or designers and more often members of inventor or designer teams. This is consistent with prior results in the literature concerning gender-specific personality characteristics: men tend to be more optimistic, overconfident, competitively inclined, and less risk-averse. Findings suggest that IPR gender gaps may, in addition to gender-specific educational choices, be driven by gender-specific personality characteristics. Policy implications are discussed.

Keywords: patent, utility model, design right, IPR, gender, personality, inventor team composition

JEL Classification: J16, O31, O32, O34

Suggested Citation

Heikkilä, Jussi, Do Overoptimistic Men Drive Creative Destruction? Evidence of Gendered Inventive Activity in Finland (December 8, 2017). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3084725 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3084725

Jussi Heikkilä (Contact Author)

University of Jyväskylä - School of Business and Economics ( email )

University of Jyväskylä
Jyväskylä, FIN-40014
Finland

Nokia Corporation

Finland

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