Embracing the Uncertainty of Old: Armed Attacks by Non-State Actors Prior to 9/11

3 Pages Posted: 14 Dec 2017

See all articles by Christian J. Tams

Christian J. Tams

University of Glasgow, School of Law

Date Written: December 11, 2017

Abstract

This brief draft comment situates contemporary debates about self-defence in their historical context. It argues that, contrary to a popular view, there was much uncertainty about the scope of self-defence prior to the 9/11 attacks.

The text served as the basis for a short contribution to a mini-symposium assessing debates held at a Heidelberg workshop on self-defence, which appeared in the Zeitschrift für ausländisches öffentliches Recht und Völkerrecht 2017.

Keywords: use of force, self-defence, self-defense, jus ad bellum, terrorism

Suggested Citation

Tams, Christian J., Embracing the Uncertainty of Old: Armed Attacks by Non-State Actors Prior to 9/11 (December 11, 2017). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3086288 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3086288

Christian J. Tams (Contact Author)

University of Glasgow, School of Law ( email )

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Glasgow, Scotland G12 8QQ
United Kingdom

HOME PAGE: http://www.gla.ac.uk/schools/law/staff/christiantams/

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