Embracing the Uncertainty of Old: Armed Attacks by Non-State Actors Prior to 9/11
3 Pages Posted: 14 Dec 2017
Date Written: December 11, 2017
This brief draft comment situates contemporary debates about self-defence in their historical context. It argues that, contrary to a popular view, there was much uncertainty about the scope of self-defence prior to the 9/11 attacks.
The text served as the basis for a short contribution to a mini-symposium assessing debates held at a Heidelberg workshop on self-defence, which appeared in the Zeitschrift für ausländisches öffentliches Recht und Völkerrecht 2017.
Keywords: use of force, self-defence, self-defense, jus ad bellum, terrorism
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation