Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation as a Tool to Induce Language Recovery in Patients with Post-Stroke Aphasia: An Overview of Studies

23 Pages Posted: 14 Dec 2017

See all articles by Maxim A. Ulanov

Maxim A. Ulanov

National Research University Higher School of Economics (Moscow)

Yury Y. Shtyrov

National Research University Higher School of Economics (Moscow)

Tatiana A. Stroganova

National Research University Higher School of Economics (Moscow)

Date Written: December 1, 2017

Abstract

In recent years, possible therapeutic effects of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) have been widely investigated in studies of different types of neural pathologies. Recent reviews of tDCS in patients with post-stroke aphasia did not provide coherent evidence oа its efficiency. There were no uniform protocols of stimulation, patient selection criteria were highly divergent, and the reports of treatment outcomes varied dramatically. In this review, we focus on the reported heterogeneity of tDCS effects trying to disentangle its putative underpinnings rooted in the diversity of lesion types, aphasia severity and recovery stages. Given the current theoretical models suggesting qualitatively different patterns of brain activity which accompany aphasia recovery, various physiological factors should be taken into account to choose optimal tDCS parameters. With this in mind, we assess the results of ten studies applying tDCS in post-stroke aphasia treatment, and suggest directions for further research in this rapidly developing field.

Keywords: aphasia, tDCS, non-invasive brain stimulation, neuroplasticity, neurorehabilitation, stroke

JEL Classification: Z

Suggested Citation

Ulanov, Maxim A. and Shtyrov, Yury Y. and Stroganova, Tatiana A., Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation as a Tool to Induce Language Recovery in Patients with Post-Stroke Aphasia: An Overview of Studies (December 1, 2017). Higher School of Economics Research Paper No. WP BRP 86/PSY/2017, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3087234 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3087234

Maxim A. Ulanov (Contact Author)

National Research University Higher School of Economics (Moscow) ( email )

Myasnitskaya street, 20
Moscow, Moscow 119017
Russia

Yury Y. Shtyrov

National Research University Higher School of Economics (Moscow) ( email )

Myasnitskaya street, 20
Moscow, Moscow 119017
Russia

Tatiana A. Stroganova

National Research University Higher School of Economics (Moscow) ( email )

Myasnitskaya street, 20
Moscow, Moscow 119017
Russia

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
81
Abstract Views
540
Rank
558,214
PlumX Metrics