The Impact of Role Models on Women's Self-Selection in Competitive Environments
45 Pages Posted: 14 Dec 2017 Last revised: 25 Mar 2020
Date Written: March 25, 2020
We show that competitive female role models reduce women's perceived stereotype threat and increase their willingness to compete. Competitive male role models have the opposite effect. They seem to discourage women from competing and, as a result, the gender gap in tournament entry increases. Results are strongest for the best performing women who would benefit most from competing. Role models have no impact on low performing women, and on men.
Keywords: Gender, Competition, Role models, Stereotype threat
JEL Classification: J16, C9
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation