Education, Social Mobility and Religious Movements: The Islamic Revival in Egypt

28 Pages Posted: 17 Dec 2017

See all articles by Christine Binzel

Christine Binzel

Heidelberg University - Alfred Weber Institute for Economics

Jean-Paul Carvalho

University of California, Irvine - Department of Economics

Date Written: December 2017

Abstract

Muslim societies have been reshaped in recent decades by an Islamic revival. We document a contemporaneous decline in social mobility among educated youth in Egypt, the epicentre of the movement in the Arab world. We then develop a model to show how an unexpected decline in social mobility combined with inequality can produce a religious revival led by the educated middle class. The principal idea is that religion helps individuals to cope with unfulfilled aspirations by adjusting their expectations‐based reference point. By raising aspirations, economic development may make societies more prone to religious revivals.

Suggested Citation

Binzel, Christine and Carvalho, Jean-Paul, Education, Social Mobility and Religious Movements: The Islamic Revival in Egypt (December 2017). The Economic Journal, Vol. 127, Issue 607, pp. 2553-2580, 2017. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3088280 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ecoj.12416

Christine Binzel (Contact Author)

Heidelberg University - Alfred Weber Institute for Economics ( email )

Bergheimer Stra├če 58
Heidelberg, 69115
Germany

Jean-Paul Carvalho

University of California, Irvine - Department of Economics ( email )

3151 Social Science Plaza
Irvine, CA 92697-5100
United States

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