Urban Informal Manufacturing Sector in Assam in the Post-Reforms Period
Urban India, Vol. 37, No. 2, 2018
16 Pages Posted: 15 Dec 2017 Last revised: 6 May 2018
Date Written: July 20, 2017
The present paper examines the performance of the urban informal manufacturing sector in Assam in the post-reforms period. The structure and growth of the sector has been examined by types of enterprises and two-digit industry groups in terms of number of enterprises, number of workers, and gross value added using data from the four NSS surveys (1994-95, 2000-01, 2005-06, and 2010-11). The urban informal manufacturing in the state is very small in size compared to its rural counterpart, but the sector has been expanding gradually over the years. Although the OAMEs and establishments segments have almost equal shares in number of enterprises, establishments outnumber OAMEs by huge margin in number of workers and gross value added. At the disaggregated level, the sector mainly comprised of a set of agro-based industries and characterised by high degree of specialisation. While the sector registered a high growth in gross value added throughout the period 1994-95 to 2010-11, the growth rates of number of enterprises and workers were not quite satisfactory; in fact, the growth rates were negative during 2005-06 to 2010-11. Wood and textiles were the highest growing sectors, whereas leather and tobacco registered the highest negative growth rates during the study period.
Keywords: Informal Manufacturing, Urban Sector, OAMEs, Establishments, Assam
JEL Classification: L26, L6
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