Tourism Effects on the Environment and Economic Sustainability of Sub-Saharan Africa

International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology, Vol. 23, No. 3, pp. 221-232, 2016; DOI: 10.1080/13504509.2015.1114976

Posted: 20 Dec 2017 Last revised: 22 Dec 2017

See all articles by Jung Wan Lee

Jung Wan Lee

Boston University - Department of Administrative Sciences

Tantatape Brahmasrene

Purdue University North Central

Date Written: June 30, 2016

Abstract

This paper integrates tourism, economic growth, and environmental issues in a multivariate format. Unlike recent research on this topic, a panel data of selected sample nations of sub-Saharan Africa is adopted by using cointegration and panel regression models. The current research discovers both long-run equilibrium and short-run dynamics between economic growth, tourism, energy use, and carbon emissions in sub-Saharan Africa. Furthermore, tourism and energy use show a highly significant direct impact on economic growth. In addition, tourism, energy use, and economic growth yield a highly significant positive effect on carbon emissions. Dissecting the region into oil producers and non-oil producers further suggests that the economic growth of sub-Saharan Africa has been accomplished by strong growth in tourism and energy use. However, there is highly significant evidence that in oil producing countries, CO2 emissions are directly affected by energy use and economic growth and not by tourism. For non-oil producing countries, tourism and energy use but not economic growth incur a highly significant positive impact on carbon emissions.

Keywords: Time-Series, Economic Sociology, Africa, Tourism, Carbon Emissions, Economic Growth

Suggested Citation

Lee, Jung Wan and Brahmasrene, Tantatape, Tourism Effects on the Environment and Economic Sustainability of Sub-Saharan Africa (June 30, 2016). International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology, Vol. 23, No. 3, pp. 221-232, 2016; DOI: 10.1080/13504509.2015.1114976 . Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3089070

Jung Wan Lee (Contact Author)

Boston University - Department of Administrative Sciences ( email )

808 Commonwealth Avenue
Boston, MA 02215
United States
617 358 5627 (Phone)
617 353 6840 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.bu.edu/met

Tantatape Brahmasrene

Purdue University North Central ( email )

1401 South US 421
Westville, IN 46391
United States

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Abstract Views
54
PlumX Metrics
!

Under construction: SSRN citations will be offline until July when we will launch a brand new and improved citations service, check here for more details.

For more information