Small Business Credit Availability and Relationship Lending: The Importance of Bank Organisational Structure

22 Pages Posted: 7 Nov 2002

See all articles by Allen N. Berger

Allen N. Berger

University of South Carolina - Darla Moore School of Business; Wharton Financial Institutions Center; European Banking Center

Gregory F. Udell

Indiana University - Kelley School of Business - Department of Finance

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Abstract

This paper models the inner workings of relationship lending, the implications for bank organisational structure, and the effects of shocks to the economic environment on the availability of relationship credit to small businesses. Relationship lending depends on the accumulation over time by the loan officer of 'soft' information. Because the loan officer is the repository of this soft information, agency problems are created throughout the organisation that may best be resolved by structuring the bank as a small, closely-held organisation with few managerial layers. The shocks analysed include technological innovations, regulatory regime shifts, banking industry consolidation, and monetary policy shocks.

Suggested Citation

Berger, Allen N. and Udell, Gregory F., Small Business Credit Availability and Relationship Lending: The Importance of Bank Organisational Structure. The Economic Journal, Vol. 112, pp. F32-F53, 2002. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=308908

Allen N. Berger (Contact Author)

University of South Carolina - Darla Moore School of Business ( email )

1705 College St
Francis M. Hipp Building
Columbia, SC 29208
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803-576-8440 (Phone)
803-777-6876 (Fax)

Wharton Financial Institutions Center

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European Banking Center

P.O. Box 90153
Tilburg, 5000 LE
Netherlands

Gregory F. Udell

Indiana University - Kelley School of Business - Department of Finance ( email )

1309 E. 10th St.
Bloomington, IN 47405
United States

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