Estimating Systematic Risk Using Time Varying Distributions

15 Pages Posted: 24 Apr 2002

See all articles by Gregory Koutmos

Gregory Koutmos

Fairfield University - Charles F. Dolan School of Business

Johan Knif

Hanken School of Economics

Abstract

This article proposes a dynamic vector GARCH model for the estimation of time-varying betas. The model allows the conditional variances and the conditional covariance between individual portfolio returns and market portfolio returns to respond asymmetrically to past innovations depending on their sign. Covariances tend to be higher during market declines. There is substantial time variation in betas but the evidence on beta asymmetry is mixed. Specifically, in 50% of the cases betas are higher during market declines and for the remaining 50% the opposite is true. A time series analysis of estimated time varying betas reveals that they follow stationary mean-reverting processes. The average degree of persistence is approximately four days. It is also found that the static market model overstates non-market or, unsystematic risk by more than 10%. On the basis of an array of diagnostics it is confirmed that the vector GARCH model provides a richer framework for the analysis of the dynamics of systematic risk.

Suggested Citation

Koutmos, Gregory and Knif, Johan Anders, Estimating Systematic Risk Using Time Varying Distributions. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=308956

Gregory Koutmos (Contact Author)

Fairfield University - Charles F. Dolan School of Business ( email )

Dolan School of Business
N. Benson Road
Fairfield, CT 06824
United States
203-254-4000 Ext. 2832 (Phone)

Johan Anders Knif

Hanken School of Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 287
FIN-65101 Vasa
Finland
+358 453556008 (Phone)

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