Gendered Work Attitudes in Baltic Russian Speakers

16 Pages Posted: 27 Dec 2017

See all articles by Marharyta Fabrykant

Marharyta Fabrykant

National Research University Higher School of Economics; National Research University Higher School of Economics

Vladimir Magun

National Research University Higher School of Economics; Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) - The Institute of Sociology

Date Written: December 20, 2017

Abstract

The purpose of the present research is to compared gendered work attitudes held by Russian speakers in Estonia and Latvia to the attitudes of ethnic majorities in these countries. The empirical research is based on the European Value Study data from the wave of 2008. The results demonstrate that ethnolinguistic identity may have, as in the Baltic case, an important effect on attitudes apparently unrelated to ethnonational issues. Yet this effect differentiating an ethnolinguistic minority from an ethic majority is counteracted with the impact of objective factors shared to a large extent by a minority and a majority within a given country and working in the opposite direction to the ethnolinguistic identity – by bringing the two groups’ attitudes closer to each other. The relative liberalism or conservatism of the expressed attitudes, as we discovered, strongly depend on priming. Ethnolinguistic identities (in the Baltic case, shifting Russian speakers’ views towards the more conservative Russia) have relatively stronger effect when dealing with subjective phenomena such as feelings and norms, while economic situation comes to the forefront for attitude towards objective, directly observable factors with direct and obvious consequences for an individual’s material well-being.

Keywords: gender, work, work attitudes, modernization, Baltics, Russian speakers, ethnic minority, ethnolinguistic identity

JEL Classification: Z38

Suggested Citation

Fabrykant, Marharyta and Magun, Vladimir, Gendered Work Attitudes in Baltic Russian Speakers (December 20, 2017). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3091384 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3091384

Marharyta Fabrykant (Contact Author)

National Research University Higher School of Economics ( email )

Myasnitskaya street, 20
Moscow, Moscow 119017
Russia

National Research University Higher School of Economics ( email )

Myasnitskaya street, 20
Moscow, Moscow 119017
Russia

Vladimir Magun

National Research University Higher School of Economics ( email )

Myasnitskaya street, 20
Moscow, Moscow 119017
Russia

Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) - The Institute of Sociology

Moscow
Russia

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