War of the Waves: Radio and Resistance During World War II

59 Pages Posted: 22 Dec 2017 Last revised: 19 Sep 2019

See all articles by Stefano Gagliarducci

Stefano Gagliarducci

University of Rome, Tor Vergata - Faculty of Economics; Einaudi Institute for Economics and Finance (EIEF); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Massimiliano Gaetano Onorato

University of Bologna - Department of Economics

Francesco Sobbrio

LUISS Guido Carli University; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Guido Tabellini

Bocconi University - Department of Economics; Bocconi University - IGIER - Innocenzo Gasparini Institute for Economic Research; Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute for Economic Research (CESifo)

Multiple version iconThere are 4 versions of this paper

Date Written: September 16, 2019

Abstract

We analyze the role of the media in coordinating and mobilizing insurgency against an authoritarian regime in the context of the Nazi-fascist occupation of Italy during WWII. We study the effect of BBC radio on the intensity of internal resistance. By exploiting variations in monthly sunspot activity that affect the sky-wave propagation of BBC broadcasting towards Italy, we show that BBC radio had a strong impact on political violence. We provide further evidence to document that BBC radio played an important role in coordinating resistance activities but had no lasting role in motivating the population against the Nazi-fascist regime.

Keywords: Media, BBC, Insurgency, Violence, WWII, Sunspots

JEL Classification: D74, L82, N44

Suggested Citation

Gagliarducci, Stefano and Onorato, Massimiliano Gaetano and Sobbrio, Francesco and Tabellini, Guido, War of the Waves: Radio and Resistance During World War II (September 16, 2019). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3092226 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3092226

Stefano Gagliarducci

University of Rome, Tor Vergata - Faculty of Economics ( email )

Via Columbia n.2
Rome, rome 00100
Italy

HOME PAGE: http://https://sites.google.com/site/stefanogagliarducci/

Einaudi Institute for Economics and Finance (EIEF) ( email )

Via Due Macelli, 73
Rome, 00187
Italy

IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Massimiliano Gaetano Onorato

University of Bologna - Department of Economics ( email )

Bologna
Italy

Francesco Sobbrio (Contact Author)

LUISS Guido Carli University ( email )

Viale Romania 32
Rome, Roma 00197
Italy

HOME PAGE: http://https://sites.google.com/site/francescosobbrio/

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute) ( email )

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

Guido Tabellini

Bocconi University - Department of Economics ( email )

Via Gobbi 5
Milan, 20136
Italy

Bocconi University - IGIER - Innocenzo Gasparini Institute for Economic Research ( email )

Via Roentgen 1
Milan, 20136
Italy

Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute for Economic Research (CESifo)

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.CESifo.de

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