The Nexus of Structural Transformation, Employment and Education: Evidence from Mozambique and Tanzania
Working papers of the Department of Economics University of Perugia (IT), Working Paper No. 12, June 2015
26 Pages Posted: 28 Dec 2017
Date Written: June 15, 2015
Africa’s recent economic performance has been quite impressive. However, strong economic growth has not always corresponded to sufficient poverty reduction, partly because it has failed to generate productive employment. This paper compares the experiences of two fast growing African countries and provides an in depth insight on the different growth paths being pursued. In particular, the study aims to examine the role of education in facilitating structural changes in Mozambique and Tanzania. Building from micro-level estimates, we find that major structural change in the employment and economic structure in Tanzania and Mozambique was only to a limited extent translated into higher productivity add and decent work creation.
Keywords: structural transformation, returns to education, labour reallocation
JEL Classification: I2, J6, N3
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation