Environmental Compliance Costs and the Distribution of Emissions in the U.S.

19 Pages Posted: 25 Apr 2002

See all articles by Daniel L. Millimet

Daniel L. Millimet

Southern Methodist University (SMU) - Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Daniel J. Slottje

Southern Methodist University (SMU) - Department of Economics

Abstract

Using the properties of the Gini coefficient, a structural model is developed to assess the impact of uniform changes in environmental compliance costs on the distribution of per capita emissions across U.S. counties and states, a distribution that places a larger burden on minorities. Using data from the U.S. EPA's Toxic Release Inventory and three state-specific measures of environmental compliance costs, we find that uniform increases in federal environmental standards have little impact on the distribution of environmental hazards, and may actually exacerbate spatial inequality. As a result, Federal standards that target specific high pollution locations are necessary to redress current inequities.

Suggested Citation

Millimet, Daniel L. and Slottje, Daniel J., Environmental Compliance Costs and the Distribution of Emissions in the U.S.. Journal of Regional Science, Vol. 42, pp. 87-105, 2002. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=309246

Daniel L. Millimet (Contact Author)

Southern Methodist University (SMU) - Department of Economics ( email )

Box 750496
Dallas, TX 75275
United States
214-768-3269 (Phone)
214-768-1821 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http:\\www.smu.edu\~millimet

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Daniel J. Slottje

Southern Methodist University (SMU) - Department of Economics ( email )

Dallas, TX 75275
United States

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